Download Color Categories in Thought and Language by C. L. Hardin, Luisa Maffi PDF
By C. L. Hardin, Luisa Maffi
Twenty-five years in the past, Berlin and Kay argued that there are commonalities of uncomplicated colour time period use that reach throughout languages and cultures, and possibly convey common good points of belief and cognition. during this quantity, a special workforce of individuals from visible technological know-how, psychology, linguistics and anthropology study how those claims have fared within the mild of present wisdom, surveying key principles, effects and methods from the examine of human colour imaginative and prescient in addition to box equipment and theoretical interpretations drawn from linguistic anthropology.
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Additional resources for Color Categories in Thought and Language
24 A number of other general issues have not been mentioned. Notable among these is the treatment of purple in languages which lack a basic term for purple. g. J&D: 311). Preliminary screening of the 110 WCS languages reveals 16 with a basic term for purple and at least one undivided composite. No other non-fundamental hue comes close to this number, suggesting independently a special status for purple. 2. 2, the title line gives the country in which the data were gathered, the genetic affiliation, and an indication of which map 36 Paul Kay, Brent Berlin, Luisa Maffi, and William Merrifield the language is marked on, there being a section with maps indicating the location of each language elsewhere in the volume.
10,12. 24 A B C D E F G H I J 1 2 3 4 012345678901234 5678901234 5678901234 567890 . . + + - + -. --+... - . . A . B -. C D E F G H I J 25 of 25 speakers searched; 9 used term: 5. Rk/G/Bu w R Y L Bk/G/Bu J Kwerba (Irian Jay a, Indonesia; Trans-New Guinea [J, and S. Bk/G/Bu none none Paul Kay, Brent Berlin, Luisa Maffi, and William Merrifield 44 Kwerba, a Trans-New-Guinea language, is spoken by some 1,500 people in the Upper Tor River area of Irian Jaya, Indonesia (western half of the island of New Guinea).
The language shows well-established terms for W, R, Y, G/Bu, Bk. The G/Bu composite category is focused in blue. 46 Paul Kay, Brent Berlin, Luisa Maffi, and William Merrifield Basic Color Terms Symbol Term Gloss • 'yellow' 'black' echo o 'white' eruba 'green/blue' + 'red' Term _j Gloss erondei eshi eiret Symbol 1 Aggregate Naming Arrays A B C D E F G H I J Modal Agreement Level 1 2 3 4 01234 567890123456789012345678901234567890 ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo A ooooooooooI oooooooooooooooooooooooooo ol + 11111 Ilo=o==o=o=oo=oooooolo O+ 111111 I I ==============0000+ •+ + 11111 •+ ++1111 •+ •+ •+ •• 70% Agreement Level, 17 of 24 speakers 1 2 3 4 01234 567890123456789012345678901234567890 A ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo A B ooooooooo oooo o ooooooooooooooooooo B C o D o+ + G H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 +Hh + + + 1 1 1 1 II • +<(- + + + h + + «+H • ••••• » + H I- + + J •• E F c D E F G H I J 30% A B C D E F G H I J Agreement Level, 8 of 24 speakers 1 2 3 4 01234 567890123456789012 34 5678901234 567890 ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo A ooooooooooI I I Ioooooooooooooooooooooooooo B ol I I I II I I I I I =o= o 0=00=000000 Io o+ •+ + + +I M i l l M I I I=== = = = ========0000 + +++++ I I I I I I I | = = = = = = = = = = = = == = = == = + ++ 1 1 1 = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = = ++ ++++++1111 +++ 100% Agreement Level, 24 of 24 informants 1 2 3 4 01234567890123456789012345678901234 567890 A ooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooooo A o B C D E ++ F ++ G + H I J Color naming across languages 47 Term Maps •: erondei 'black' o: eshi white' 1 2 3 4 01234 567890123456789012345678901234 567890 1 3 4 2 01234 56789012345678901234 5678901234 567890 A ######################################### B C # D 4 E F G H I J A B A B C D E _ .